Payments were made to nearly 12.5 million people aged 18–64 on the basis of their own disability. Sixty-two percent received disability payments from the Old-Age, Survivors, and Disability Insurance (OASDI) program only, 28 percent received payments from the Supplemental Security Income (SSI) program only, and 10 percent received payments from both programs.

Disabled beneficiaries aged 18–64 receiving OASDI, SSI, or both

Beneficiary Number (thousands)
Total (unduplicated) 12,461
OASDI disability 8,999
Workers aged 64 or younger 7,995
Disabled adult children 898
Widow(er)s 106
OASDI disability only 7,746
SSI disability 4,714
Receiving SSI disability only 3,462
Receiving both OASDI and SSI disability 1,253


Distribution of disabled beneficiaries aged 18–64

Disabled beneficiaries on Social Security and SSI


SOURCES: SSA, Master Beneficiary Record and Supplemental Security Record, 100 percent data.” Fast Facts and Figures About Social Security”, 2019, p.34.

NOTES: OASDI beneficiaries who are entitled to both a primary and a secondary benefit (dual entitlement) are counted only once. SSI includes federal SSI payments and federally administered state supplementation.

Totals do not necessarily equal the sum of rounded components.