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Posts Tagged 'obamacare repeal'

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Summertime No Time to Stop Protecting Seniors' Healthcare

Washington, D.C. is noticeably mellower with Congress beginning its August recess.  Our “worst-in-the-U.S.” traffic is noticeably lighter.  The sidewalks are emptier.  The news from Capitol Hill has slowed to a trickle.  But the summer doldrums are no time for advocates here in D.C. or the 50 states to let our guard down.  (We just discussed this on "Behind the Headlines" from Capitol Hill on Facebook Live.) 

Last week, we narrowly escaped the passage of healthcare legislation that would have been devastating for poorer, older, and sicker Americans. The heroism of three GOP Senators and a united Democratic party pulled us back from the brink by voting against the latest Obamacare repeal bill.  

Make no mistake, intense grassroots activism in Congressional districts across the country played no small part in the defeat of repeal legislation in both houses of Congress.  From New Hampshire to Nevada, everyday Americans challenged their elected representatives to protect their healthcare – and won in a heart-pounding showdown.  

In the end, only Senators Collins, Murkowski, and McCain had the courage to defy party leadership and do the right thing.  That’s a thin reed on which to hang future hopes.  If a single one of those votes had gone the other way, at least 22 million Americans would have been well on their way to losing healthcare coverage – and the Medicaid program would have been decimated.  In fact, it’s disappointing that some of the Republican moderates who seemed to oppose the various repeal bills voted yes in the end.  Perhaps it’s because Senator McCain’s no vote gave them cover.  But where is the courage in that?

While Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell says it’s time to “move on,” Speaker Paul Ryan signaled that the House isn’t done trying to repeal the Affordable Care Act.   Meanwhile, President Trump continues to threaten to cut off crucial cost-sharing payments, spooking insurers and threatening to drive up premiums.  As Phil Moeller pointed out in his column for PBS NewsHour, there’s a real danger that the majority party will re-attack Obamacare after August recess ends.  

With Capitol Hill’s largely silent and long-postponed summer vacations underway, there is little appetite for re-engaging in nasty policy fights. But when the leaders and their troops are rested, there is little doubt that [they] will be back at it again. – Phil Moeller, PBS NewsHour

This means that we in the advocacy community cannot simply relax this month – tempting as that may be.  Advocates and everyday activists must continue to deliver the message to our elected representatives that it’s time to stop trying to destroy the Affordable Care Act and work across the aisle to improve it, as National Committee President Max Richtman argued in The Hill newspaper this week.  We must maintain the drumbeat whenever and wherever we encounter members of Congress this summer:  at their district offices, by phone, by email, or around town.

Make no mistake:  the activism we saw last winter and spring made a difference.  Members of Congress heard their constituents loud and clear at contentious town halls.  Phone lines, fax lines, and email accounts were jammed. Congress heard us when we said “Hands Off Our Healthcare!”

But even after all that full-throated activism, several GOP moderates in the House and Senate still caved when it was time to cast crucial votes. We came dangerously close to losing the Affordable Care Act. If anything, we must step up our activism.  We must make the case for protecting the healthcare of seniors – and all Americans – even more vociferously, letting our leaders know in personal terms the true impact of changes to our healthcare coverage. But we must also demand that our elected representatives talk to us. Hold town halls, don’t cancel them.  Keep phone lines open instead of shutting them down.  Hear us instead of hiding. And if there are future votes to undermine our healthcare, we must insist that more GOP moderates stick to their stated principles instead of running with the herd.


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Mr. President, Stop Saying Obamacare Is Imploding (Because It's Not)

updated 7/10/17

During a CNN focus group of Trump voters last week, one educated, white collar professional said that the Republican congress had to repeal and replace Obamacare because it is “imploding.”  That Trump supporter directly mimicked Trump’s own comments about Obamacare – comments which are patently misleading.  This proves once again the effectiveness of demagogic language (“Obamacare is a disaster!”) shamelessly applied to important policy questions that impact almost every American.

Obamacare is most definitely not imploding, but Trump and the GOP in Congress have convinced an awful lot of people that it is – simply by repeating the same falsehoods on a regular basis. Why does this matter?  It matters because the Senate may vote on its Obamacare repeal and replacement plan within the next couple of weeks.

The GOP’s Better Care Reconciliation Act would deprive 22 million Americans of health coverage over the next ten years and gut Medicaid, hitting the old and the sick unusually hard. As long as Republicans continue to justify repeal with false claims that Obamacare is in a “death spiral,” advocates for the most vulnerable members of our society must continue to call them out.

Both the New York Times and the Washington Post this week found it necessary to debunk misleading Republican claims about Obamacare and the Senate bill to replace it.  The Times entitled its piece, “Five Misleading Republican Claims About Health Care,” while the Post went with “Decoding the White House spin on Obamacare ‘failures.’”  The papers’ fact-checkers had plenty of material to work with. 

These and other analyses are crucial to understanding what’s really happening with Obamacare and the GOP repeal and replace legislation:

1) Obamacare is not “imploding” or in a “death spiral.”  Despite recent instability mostly induced by the Trump administration and Congress itself, Obamacare is hardly imploding.  A new study by the Kaiser Family Foundation suggests that Obamacare markets are, in fact, "stabilizing" and "regaining profitability."  The CBO forecasts that the Obamacare system will remain stable for the foreseeable future - if it is not further undermined. 

2) Premiums for Obamacare policies are not generally rising 200-300%.  Though a few states have unfortunately seen triple digit premium hikes, the National Conference of State Legislatures found that average premium increases nationwide were 25% this year.  Because some 84% of enrollees’ premiums are covered by Obamacare subsidies, few feel the effects of the increases.  Their net costs may even decrease.  

As the Post’s fact-checkers point out, “Average insurance premiums in the Obamacare marketplace now are about at the level predicted by the Congressional Budget Office for 2017 when it first evaluated the law in 2009.”  In other words, some premium hikes were predictable as the new marketplaces found their footing – and not likely to be repeated every year.

3) Insurers are not abandoning state insurance exchanges in droves.  The Post reports that an average of five insurers participated in each state’s marketplace in 2014, ranging from one to 16 companies per state. According to the Kaiser Family Foundation, the average number of insurers in 2017 is 4.3, ranging from one to 15 companies per state.  Not a huge decline.  Still, “slightly more than 2 million people, mostly in rural areas, don’t have competitive plans to choose from and are seeing premium increases,” writes the Post’s Dana Milbank.  But again, many of those premium hikes are offset by Obamacare subsidies.

4) The Trump administration and Congress could have done a lot more to stabilize Obamacare; instead they undermined it.  Here’s how:  

*The administration balked at paying cost-sharing subsidies that would have relieved financial pressure on reluctant insurers.

*President Trump signed an executive order soon after taking office instructing federal agencies not to enforce the Obamacare mandate that all Americans have health insurance, discouraging participation in the exchanges.

*The administration ended public outreach efforts to encourage Americans to sign up for health care.

*In fact, President Obama and the Democrats in Congress asked Republicans to work with them to strengthen Obamacare during the    first six years after the law was passed, only to have the GOP Congress vote to repeal it some 60 times.   

5) The President and his allies in Congress have spooked the insurance markets.  They have sown tremendous uncertainty about Obamacare’s future with their attempts to repeal the law and harsh rhetoric, spooking insurance companies and potential customers.  The former chief marketing officer for HealthCare.gov estimated that Trump’s rhetoric alone has deterred nearly 500,000 people from signing up this year.

Furthermore, the Post reports that figures the White House uses to smear Obamacare are often based on comparisons of the insurance markets from before the law took effect and today.  Such apples-to-oranges comparisons are misleading and not useful.

Meanwhile, the Republicans have employed similar demagoguery to promote their own repeal and replace legislation.  The Times found several GOP claims about the Senate healthcare bill to be factually dubious, including assertions that the legislation does not “pull the rug from anyone currently covered by Obamacare” – and that the bill “reduces taxes on the middle class” when, in fact, the top 1% of earners reap most of the benefits.  The cruel truth is that some 22 million Americans would lose health coverage under the GOP bill over the next ten years, including 15 million Medicaid beneficiaries – many of whom are needy seniors who rely on the program to pay for long-term care.  We must not allow the clever manipulation of language by those who would destroy Obamacare to hurt so many millions. 

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Mitch McConnell's "Secret" Healthcare Plan... and the SeniorHeroes who could stop him

When the House passed its American Health Care Act (AHCA) last month, conventional wisdom said it was doomed in the Senate.  Moderate Republican Senators would never go along with the more harmful provisions of the House bill – or so the narrative went.  It appears those predictions were off base.  If the latest reporting from Capitol Hill is accurate, Majority Leader Mitch McConnell has put the Republican healthcare plan on a fast-track for passage in late June or early July.  A 13-member working group has been meeting in secret to craft the Senate version of the AHCA – without committee hearings.  Zero open debate.  Zero public input.  Or as the Washington Post described the process:  “sabotage, speed and secrecy.”  In order to keep pushback to a minimum, McConnell may not release the details of the bill until about 48 hours before the Senate votes on it.  That is insufficient time for Senators – and the public at large – to evaluate legislation that could dramatically affect the lives of tens of millions of Americans.

 Another false prediction from a few weeks ago said that the Senate would scrap the House bill and start from scratch. But this week Senator John Cornyn (R-TX) revealed that the Senate bill retains about 80% of what the House passed.  Since the House bill was so unequivocally bad for older Americans, hearing that the Senate version is at least 80% as bad is cold comfort. The Senate leadership will try to appease GOP moderates with the same kind of token gestures that saved the AHCA from defeat in the House.  It is vitally important that those moderates not cave like their House colleagues did.  Too much is at stake for our nation’s seniors and Americans as a whole.

 The National Committee has identified 11 moderate GOP Senators who may be persuaded to vote against the Republican health care plan – if they are willing to put their constituents’ well-being above party and political expediency.  They are:

 Sens. Lisa Murkowski and Dan Sullivan (R-AK)

Sens. John McCain and Jeff Flake (R-AZ)

Sen. Cory Gardner (R-CO)

Sen. Charles Grassley (R-IA)

Sen. Susan Collins (R-ME) 

Sen. Dean Heller (R-NV)

Sen. Rob Portman (R-OH)

Sen. Lamar Alexander (R-TN)

Sen. Shelley Moore Capito (R-WV)

 In fact, we call on these Senators to become what we call “SeniorHeroes” – real-life superheroes standing up for older Americans while the rest of their party pursues a dubious scheme.  From what we know of the Senate bill, there isn’t much in the evolving Senate bill for moderates to applaud.  Sen. Lisa Murkowski expressed those doubts publicly on Thursday.  Here are some of the key areas where the Senate version will likely fail older Americans:

 MEDICAID EXPANSION.  Senate Republicans are considering “compromises” that would phase out funding more slowly – but do not appear to be considering any approach that would maintain Medicaid expansion over the long run.  (Many of the more moderate Senators represent states which chose to expand Medicaid – and have a lot to lose.)

 PER CAPITA CAPS.  The Senate reportedly will retain the House-passed bill’s Medicaid per capita caps, which would strain state budgets and possibly force rollbacks in benefits or outright termination of coverage for millions of seniors who depend on Medicaid to pay for long-term care.  Although it’s unclear whether the Senate will keep the House bill’s $834 billion in Medicaid cuts, Medicaid still likely will be slashed by hundreds of billions of dollars. 

PRE-EXISTING CONDITIONS AND ESSENTIAL HEALTH BENEFITS.  The Senate may reject provisions in the House bill that would have allowed insurers to charge higher premiums for individuals with pre-existing conditions, but will likely allow states to waive essential benefits coverage.  This would dearly cost older Americans seeking essential benefits, such as hospitalization, ambulance services, and rehabilitation services. 

TAX CREDITS.  The House bill would drive up seniors’ out-of-pocket costs by replacing Obamacare’s income-based subsidies with tax credits based solely on age.  Older Americans could pay up to 800 percent more in net premiums under this plan.  The Senate has toyed with making these tax credits more “robust,” but the more it increases these credits, the deeper it must cut Medicaid to match the savings in the House bill. 

We do not know whether the Senate will allow insurers to charge older enrollees five times more than younger ones, as the House legislation does.  Also uncertain is whether the Senate will repeal the Medicare payroll tax on high income wage earners (as the House did), which would reduce the solvency of Medicare by three years.

It’s a safe bet that, like the House version, the Senate GOP healthcare plan will cost older Americans more, make essential health benefits harder to obtain, and cause millions who desperately need healthcare to lose coverage.  GOP moderates will be under intense political pressure to toe the line and support the party’s plan, even though the Republican bill has scant public support in even the reddest of states.  In asking GOP moderates to don their capes and become SeniorHeroes, we hope they remember who they were elected to serve.  It certainly wasn’t Mitch McConnell. 

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For more about the GOP's secret Senate healthcare plan, watch this week's "Behind the Headlines" on Facebook Live from Capitol Hill. 

 

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House GOP Votes to Gut Medicaid, Weaken Medicare & Put Seniors' healthcare at Risk

The National Committee strongly condemns the American Health Care Act (AHCA) just passed by the House, which needlessly puts the healthcare of millions of older Americans in jeopardy. “Despite the bill’s name, risking the health of our nation’s most vulnerable citizens to give the wealthy an $880 billion tax cut is tremendously uncaring --- and does not reflect real American values,” says Max Richtman, President and CEO of the National Committee to Preserve Social Security and Medicare. “In modifying the original AHCA bill to give reluctant Republicans political cover, the House leadership made a bad piece of legislation even worse.”

“Recent amendments to this cruel, ill-advised bill could put coverage for older Americans with pre-existing conditions like cancer and diabetes out of reach. The $8 billion (over 5 years) added to the legislation at the last minute to defray the cost of higher premiums is woefully inadequate.  It’s a thin veil that covers a head of snakes.”

Paul Waldman of the Washington Post wrote a scathing, but accurate article about the human costs of the GOP healthcare bill - especially to patients with pre-existing conditions: 

"Make no mistake, if you’re one of them and this bill passes, your life will become hugely  more complicated, potentially more costly and possibly in danger if you’re unlucky." - Paul Waldman, Washington Post 5/3/17

The bill contains several other poison pills for older Americans. It replaces Obamacare subsidies with meager tax credits which discriminate against older Americans.  A $4,000 annual tax credit doesn’t come to close to covering premiums for seniors ages 60-64, meaning millions of older Americans will lose coverage altogether.

The bill cuts nearly $1 trillion from Medicaid by converting it into a block grant program or imposing per capita caps, which will make it harder for impoverished seniors to access long term skilled nursing care and community or home care.  Overall, the Congressional Budget Office estimates that 14 million people will be kicked off the Medicaid rolls in the next 10 years if this bill becomes law.

The AHCA reduces Medicare’s solvency by repealing Obamacare’s 0.9% payroll tax on wages above $200,000. This could lead to cuts in Medicare, including privatizing the program --- harming current and future beneficiaries.  

Under the GOP bill, insurers can charge older enrollees five times more than younger ones.  The Congressional Budget Office predicts that by 2026 this provision will substantially raise premiums for older people by as much as 25%.

“We can only hope that the Senate majority will kill this reckless legislation before it punishes seniors - and millions of other Americans – for the crime of needing and wanting affordable health care,” Richtman says. 

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If you missed our "Behind the Headlines" analysis of the GOP healthcare bill on Facebook Live, you can watch it here

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The GOP's "Really, Really Good" Healthcare Reset is Really, Really Worse



 "The [GOP healthcare bill] is getting better and better"

 “A lot of people like it.”

 “Things are going very well.”

These are President Trump’s most recent pronouncements about the GOP’s American Health Care Act (AHCA).  Let’s hope for the sake of our nation’s seniors (and all Americans) that the President’s statements are wildly optimistic.  The White House is pressuring Congress to vote on the AHCA this week – lest the first 100 days of Trump’s presidency expire without a single major legislative victory.  Never mind that the healthcare of 24 million Americans hangs in the balance.

The National Committee and other seniors’ advocates rightly breathed a sigh of relief when the bill was pulled from the House floor last month for lack of GOP votes.  The Republican healthcare bill would have gutted Medicaid, weakened Medicare, and allowed insurers to charge older Americans up to five times as much as young adults, among other travesties.  But just when everyone thought the AHCA was dead, some House Republicans have revived it, zombie-like, to stalk Capitol Hill again.  This week, representatives from the right-wing Freedom Caucus and the moderate Tuesday Group let it be known that they were hovering around a deal to get the AHCA passed

The supposed “deal” would amend the bill to allow states to seek waivers from requiring insurers to provide “essential benefits.”  If a state (say a Red one, for instance), didn’t want insurers to be forced to cover hospitalization in all health plans, they could ask the Department of Health & Human Services (led by Obamacare nemesis Tom Price) for permission to waive that requirement.  States could also request waivers so that insurance companies could force sicker patients into “high risk pools” where the premiums would be sky high.  Meanwhile, all of the really harmful parts of the original bill for seniors would remain intact.  President Trump says the GOP healthcare bill has “gotten really, really good.”  But in truth, the latest changes make a really bad bill even worse.

Here’s the good news, though:  all of this talk about a deal and bringing the AHCA to a vote within President Trump’s first 100 days may be magical thinking.  Just because the head of the Freedom Caucus, Rep. Mark Meadows (R-NC), and Tuesday Group co-chair, Rep. Tom MacArthur (R-NJ), seem to be close to agreement does not guarantee that their members will fall in line, especially House moderates who probably know that the new amendment endangers essential benefits coverage and that high risk pools could cost their constituents dearly (which could cost these moderates dearly in the 2018 congressional elections).  Congress-watchers have noted that there is no legislative language for the proposed amendment yet, and wonder how it could be produced so soon. Also, the plan to bring healthcare to a vote next week may be overly ambitious, considering the House must also craft an appropriations bill before April 28th to avoid a government shutdown.  This is why Democratic sources on the Hill say “no way” is healthcare going to come up for a vote next week.

Here's how National Politics Reporter M.J. Lee summed up the prospects for a quick vote on CNN this afternoon:

"If the White House wants a vote, they will have to win over many members of Congress who are skeptical about tackling this again." - M.J. Lee, CNN
 

President Trump insists (to no one’s surprise) he wants it all:  funding for his border wall AND passage of the American Health Care Act – a demand that, like his pronouncements that “a lot of people like” the GOP healthcare bill and “things are going very well,” are likely only loosely based on reality. 

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